Home

Filipino culture self and identity

I am tempted to guess your professor assigned this to your class; he has a totalitarian sense of humor. He wants you to answer in a few minutes a subject that will take a semester or more to digest. Here is a small part-answer; not guaranteed to b.. The researcher of this study will find out the role of Filipino consumer culture to Filipino self and identity. Consumer culture is commonly defined as a culture where social status, values and activities are centered on the consumptions of goods and services Philippine Culture and the MIGUEL A. BERNAD I N 1958 I had the privilege of I visiting the island of Borneo. With me, as my companion and assistant, was a man who has since become my boss: Father Francisco Araneta. We were guests of the Sarawak Museum, and our expenses while on the island were paid for by the Sarawak Government ROLE OF FILIPINO CONSUMER CULTURE TO FILIPINO SELF & IDENTITY By: Group 1 INTRODUCTION With the advent of media and technology over the few recent decades, cultural exchange and influence between people from around the world has never been so easier. And that, with utmost certainty, also extends to the marketing side of things. Ever since the dawn of Filipino civilization, we Filipinos, having.

What is the Filipino culture, self, and identity? - Quor

  1. A Take on Filipino Identity. I am a true-blooded Filipino. My mother hails from Aklan and my father is from Bulacan. I have lived all my life here in the Philippines, and my feet had never touched foreign ground. I eat adobo, bagoong, nilaga, sinigang, bulalo, and all Filipino food you can think of except Durian (to the guys who like Durian, I.
  2. g and hospitable demeanour
  3. The Filipino culture I have learned is one that is a very vibrant and alive. culture to Filipino self and identity. Your first days are free! Consumer attitudes can be influenced by many factors outside the product attributes. And that, with utmost certainty, also extends to the marketing side of things. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed.
  4. Identifying Filipino Identity. sabangan / November 24, 2014. [by Johanna Zulueta] H ad it been published on a broadsheet in the Philippines, Niels Mulder's essay on Filipino identity would probably spark criticisms from the larger populace as do foreigners' commentaries on Filipino society and culture that, rather than glorify the.
  5. What is it about the Philippines that makes it different from the rest of the world? Well, for one thing, it is all about their culture. Here are 11 things you should know about Filipino culture that sets them apart from any other nation on the planet

The Role of Filipino Consumer Culture to Filipino Self and

This view ofa self-containedindividual has to be changedandmade to be more consistentwith a more globalized, postmodern world. What is now needed (and what is now currently beingdeveloped) is a constitutive view ofthe person - aperson whose identity is constituted in their social relationships. The cultural locus within whichthe individual find The Philippines, history and identity, nationalism, civil society, American cultural intervention, school curriculum, cultural history Prefatory As an exercise in the histoire des mentalités , this essay traces the evolution of the characteristic ethos infusing the state and nation in the Philippines Wherever you go, Filipino culture is very evident and has largely been appreciated and even applauded in many parts of the world. The glimpse the Filipino soul trying to express its unique, cultural identity through our unique or special creativity. - LEMUEL JOHN M.CASUPAN 'Being a Filipino does not end with preferring English over Filipino, nor choosing hamburgers over sinigang, but rather ends when we have forgotten that we have our own literature, culture, and. How do we define the self/ identity in Filipino Culture? Is the meaning of the self/identity for the Filipinos the same as the meaning of the self for Americans? 20. INDIVIDUALIST CULTURE Individualist Cultures emphasize that people are independent of their groups . In individualist cultures, the SELF is defined as an independent entity. A.

Filipino culture is very family-oriented, and has made people have relaxed attitudes. Although they may not enjoy the extent of material wealth that many western countries have, in many ways they are richer through their tightly knit social and family structures. Gender. The Philippines is a matriarchal society where women are greatly empowered Filipino identity is not static; a Filipino's self-image as a from valuations and concepts that are indigenous to Filipino culture, society, and psychology. of their Filipino identity. Self is the sense of personal identity and of who we are as individuals. In this video presentation, self is defined according to Filipino culture. And as.

The Philippine's quest for self-identity, especially at the national level, must be continuously forged. It is important to reiterate de Leon's point that there is no such thing as a damaged culture, but just a damaged self-image. It is along this vein that art can find its way into the heart and soul of the Filipino people, and teach them. A strong Cultural Identity of being a Filipino people is an important step towards restoring pride in being Filipino on a serious program for cultural awareness and education. Lack of knowledge about the Filipino cultural genius results in our inability to harness it as a resource for nation building Identity is the definition of ones- self. When people, therefore, saythat the Filipino is confused because Westernizationhas altered his pristine Asian identity or that he isneither Asian nor Western we should ask what beingAsian means in the first place. p. 253. 32. Toynbee syncretism which refers to the fusion ofdifferent cultural traditions to form new ones We are a country made up of 7,641 islands, with almost 105 million people speaking 183 living languages. And yet it seems we haven't thought enough about what it means to be Filipino. It's been over 70 years since Carlos P. Romulo wrote I Am a Filipino, still the best-known—perhaps the only—work of literature about national identity that's taught to schoolchildren throughout the country This study can be used to apprehend how women were influenced by the society and the culture of the Philippines during the 1800s. The researchers use Lakoff's Theory of Linguistic Features, and the Indexicality Principle by Bucholtz and Hall (2005) to analyze the language and identity of Agueda

Role of Filipino Consumer Culture to Filipino Self

The term kapwa, or a shared inner self, lies at the core of Filipino values and psychology. A person who treats another as a kapwa has a shared a sense of identity and consciousness with that 'other' person. Both in the individual and community level, strong emphasis is placed on social acceptance and maintaining social harmony The culture of the Philippines is a combination of cultures of the East and West. Filipino identity was created primarily as a result of pre-colonial cultures, colonial influences and foreign traders intermixing and gradually evolving together. In pre-colonial times, the Philippines was a divided set of nations, islands and tribes being ruled by their own kings, chieftains, lakans, rajahs. You can also cite books and researches about Filipino culture, self, and identity to further elaborate on the topic. LESSON SUMMARY. Eastern. thoughts: o Asian culture is called a collectivistic culture as the group and social relations that is given more importance than individual needs and wants Culture is our identity.Filipino cultural values are widely-held beliefs which make some activities, relationships, goals and feelings important to the Filipino people's identity. Yet, observance of this culture is now deteriorating. The culprit behind this is our colonial mentality. The Filipino way of thinking that everything.

A Take on Filipino Identity - Filipino Culture by The

Again, set in the bahag times. Whenever we use the insular premise on our culture, we end up with a backward view of our own Filipino identity. That is complicating things. Being Open to Foreign Culture the Right Way. If there is any modern Filipino culture, it always has foreign influence in it: Spanish, American, and others Useless. Answer from: nelspas422. Consumer behavior has affected Filipinos' self identity. Consumer behavior refers the study on how people mentally, physically or emotionally react or respond on different products and services. Self-identity refers to the overall perception of oneself in relation to the society someone belongs to Despite the supposedly collectivist nature of the Filipino culture, far fewer Filipino students than U.S. and Hong Kong Chinese students described themselves in terms of social roles. Contrary to theoretical claims, the Filipinos made greater use of the global identity category than did either the U.S. or Hong Kong Chinese students Tells about filipino culture self and identity What is the oldest church found in cagayan valley philippines? Ang mga bansang hindi kasali sa southeast asia...Read More. Ang mga bansang hindi kasali sa southeast asia... 1 more answers. History, 21.11.2019, danigirl12 Cultural Identity in the Filipino Context This is the PowerPoint I made to accompany my Oral Presenation of my Summative Paper for my Architectural Space Dynamics class under Ar. Gerard Lico for the Academic Year 2011-2012

Filipino Culture - Core Concepts — Cultural Atla

Culture-wise, Filipino learners may be sensitive to criticism. How we frame our remarks could help either build or destroy a learner's self-image. Hence, a fourth way is to teach learners that criticisms are part of the development process, to be less onion-skinned Flipping Philippines should be the next awesome name for Philippines and culture! I had a lecture to write and speech in front of hundreds and fifty hundreds of students, facilities, and worker. This Philippines article wrote and helped my paper more than any other website and is the best for great information about Philippines and GO Filipino

Ja Du says she loves Philippine food and music and enjoys TV shows on Philippine culture. By Kimberly Yam A white woman's self-proclaimed transracial identity has sparked discussion ― and some confusion ― among people of Filipino heritage The Filipino culture is known to have one of the highest rates of high blood pressure compared to the other Asian cultures (Hypertension Among Filipinos). I feel that in my Filipino culture, the family is so prioritized that people forget to take care of themselves as an individual Thus family is an important support system in Philippine culture and is an important factor in shaping one's identity and wellbeing (Jocano 1966). On the other hand, given the high-power distance culture, Filipino children are often expected to obey their parents and give importance to elders' opinions (Miralao 1997 ) From all these, Enriquez concluded that the original Filipino idea of others was inclusive. He wrote: The English others is actually used in opposition to the self, and implies the recognition of the self as a separate entity. In contrast, kapwa is a recognition of a shared identity, an inner self shared with others

Troy Philippines, a student-led organization that seeks to provide its members with an open space that fosters personal growth, self-discovery, and cultural celebration, is a source of community for many Filipino American students, as well as students interested in Filipino American history and culture Smooth Interpersonal Relationships are a core value for every Filipino community; they involve a shared identity, engagement on an equal basis with others, and giving importance to the individual versus agencies or institutions. This cultural characteristic is also known as Personalism [by Niels Mulder] IDENTITY WHAT? A fter all that has been said in my earlier publications (Inside Southeast Asia: Thai, Javanese, and Filipino, interpretations of everyday life [1992]; Filipino Images: Culture of the Public World [2000]; Sanaysay sa Kabihasnang Pilipino [2009]), this essay seems superfluous as it merely recapitulates observations that focus on the bedeviling question of.

what is the role of filipino consumer culture to identit

Political Self and Being Filipino - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The objectives of these slide are the following: - To describe the nature, functions and origin of the political self - Discuss the role of the family, school, church in the development of the political self; and - Determine the. MELBOURNE, Australia (MindaNews / 18 Nov) - Filipinos always reflect on national identity in November because on the 30 th of this month we commemorate the birthday of the quintessential nationalist, Andres Bonifacio.. For Filipinos residing outside of the Philippines, this annual introspection is especially relevant because many of us constantly struggle with our sense of identity and. But, the Philippines on the other hand is suffering from lack of nationalism and identity. There is an underlying theme that we Filipinos don't want to be Filipinos. I'm sure you've witnessed this. Filipinos try to look either Korean, Japanese, White, etc. Our culture wants to be anything other than Filipinos

From all this research, Enriquez concluded that the original Filipino idea of others was inclusive. He wrote: The English others is actually used in opposition to the self, and implies the recognition of the self as a separate entity. In contrast, kapwa is a recognition of a shared identity, an inner self shared with others Concept Of Filipino Identity. 933 Words4 Pages. Introduction: Understanding own self is an abstract. A lot of theories and concepts popped up; familiar names became well-known because of their studies related to the topic. From Hall (2004), the self is divided into 3 dimensions. First dimension, bodily. In this dimension the self is locked in. Filipino Americans: Blending Cultures, Redefining Race. There are over 3 million people of Filipino heritage living in the U.S., and many say they relate better to Latino Americans than other. Filipino American Identity Development, (Kevin Nadal). This framework focuses on Filipino PERSONAL IDENTITY: sense of self unrelated to ethnic grouping; occurs during childhood 2. culture as well as the majority culture Resolutions of Biracial Identity Tensions (Maria P.P. Root) 1 Pinas Sadya. Society & Culture. Listen on Apple Podcasts. What makes you YOU? How do you identify as a Filipino, wherever you are in the world? In our 20s we search for belongingness, approval and validation and in our 30s we search for our identity, purpose, our authentic self. Listen on Apple Podcasts. MAR 1, 2021

And culture filipino self about Research identity paper Social work case study questions and answers essay writing in economics. How to start an essay with a quote examples pradushan essay in hindi wikipedia mera bharat mahan essay in hindi for class 3 Researchers on Filipino American psychology have also found a relationship between colonial mentality and depression (Nadal, 2011). Denigration of oneself (hating one's own brown skin and/or Filipino nose, which could cause low self-esteem) Denigration of one's culture (e.g. believing that Filipino food is not as good as American. Colonial mentality impacts self-esteem and weakens ethnic identity, which can negatively impact mental health. The four levels of impact on an individual: self-denigration, lack of appreciation of Filipino culture, discrimination against less-cultured individuals, and tolerance and acceptance of oppression by non-Filipinos

The colonial reign of the Spaniards in 1570-1898 as well as the Americans in 1903-1946, resulted in the expansion of Christian values, which gave an identity to every Filipino. And the interaction with other countries' cultures, like the ones from China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia, gave a specific Asian touch to the cultural heritage of. Why cookbooks are essential to Filipino history and self-identity. At lunch last year in Paniqui, Tarlac, the host showed me a cookbook printed by the Metropolitan Press in 1939 that was. Self-Identity and Consumer Behavior (Winter 2012) Consumer researchers have recognized for a long time that people consume in ways that are consistent with their sense of self (Levy 1959; Sirgy 1982). Important thought leaders in our field have described and documented that consumers use possessions and brands to create their self-identities. Filipino consumer filipino role self and paper about of identity culture to the Research. How to cite page in essay. Research paper about the role of filipino consumer culture to filipino self and identity rating. 5-5 stars based on 127 reviews. 1 A study entitled Living a Satisfied Sexual Identity: Discovering Wonders and Unveiling Secrets of Selected Filipino LGB Adults (Hernandes & Bance, 2014) aimed to identify the factors that contribute to the Filipino LGB sexual identity satisfaction by conducting a qualitative study with the help of 13 self-identified LGB adults in Metro.

POLITICAL_SELF

Consumer Culture and Identity. Introduction Fonseca (2008) defines Consumer culture as a process that represents a condition in which consumption is seen as having the role of increasingly mediating certain aspects of social relations and consumption has the symbolic ability to represent affiliation to a certain group and its lifestyles, as. For many Filipinos and Filipino Americans, Catholic practices and ethnic identity are intricately interwoven into cultural meanings of identity, family, and community (Nadal, 2009). This powerful alignment of religious and cultural practices has carried over to America where most Filipino immigrants remain Catholic ( Burgonio-Watson, 1997 ) Cultural Identity. Cultural identity is self-identification, a sense of belonging to a group that reaffirms itself. It is the extent to which one is a representative of a given culture behaviorally, communicatively, psychologically and sociologically. It consists of values, meanings, customs and beliefs used to relate to the world for minority maintenance within a majority culture. The use of the term ethnic identity in the United States generally refers to an individual's cultural proximity-self-recognized or externally ascribed-to a minority and (usually) immigrant culture. Like its related form ethnicity (Varese 1985), it is a convenient collective term tha

Identifying Filipino Identity SABANAGA

  1. Filipino American Identity, Filipino Food Travel & Culture, Lifestyle, Self-Identity Book Review - The Latinos of Asia: How Filipino Americans Break the Rules of Race A couple years ago I came across the book The Latinos of Asia: How Filipino Americans Break the Rules of Race, and added it to my long list of books to read in exploration of my.
  2. The focus of this book is the development and application of a middle-range theory of culture, self-identity, and work behaviour. According to the authors' self-representative theory, three components are relevant to an individual's work behaviour: cultural and situational characteristics, cognitive representation of the self, and managerial practices and techniques used in an organisation
  3. The mention of identity in Fonseca's definition brings about an understanding of the impact consumer culture can have on social agents, and not just on the economic or capitalism that comes with consumption. This essay will discuss the relationship between Consumer culture and Identity
  4. Ibid. 10 23 Scentia Inside Dec 2016.indd 23 2/13/2017 9:59:30 AM a professor at the Department of Psychology in the University of the Philippines in the 70s and 80s and considered the father of Filipino Psychology defined kapwa as the unity of the self and others, a recognition of shared identity, an inner self shared with others.11.

Venice, Italy (CNN Philippines Life) — The idea of a national identity isn't flat, as some people might have you think. It is a vast, complex landscape, with boundaries leaking from one. Our culture gives us an identity, and helps build our character. The cultural values shared across our community or social group, give us a sense of belonging towards society. Our culture unites us and gives us a sense of security. The language we speak, the art, literature, and the heritage we are proud of, our food, our festivals, and our. Filipino culture and values shine. Hospitality is practice. 0000003370 00000 n 0000001566 00000 n Family Solidarity Filipino Family 1. The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) commissioned a study to define the corpus of Filipino values, Philosophy need to continually document and attempt to capture the essence of Filipino. The Filipino culture is an exuberant story that tells of the nation's journey through the centuries. Customs reflect the people's faith, their oneness with others, their affinity with nature, and their celebration of life. The Filipino's charm lies in their smiles, in the numerous religious festivals that venerate nature, the Divine and the. Navigating Cultural Identity - One Filipino migrant's personal and overly detailed journey to conservation. Once the lectures commenced, it took an extraordinary amount of self-restraint to not ask every single question I had about my lecturers' involvement in the Philippines. There was great emphasis placed on cultural sensitivity.

11 Things You Should Know About Filipino Cultur

  1. Identity in a Globalized Culture Brandon Napenias Oreiro University of Washington - Tacoma, new avenues of self-representation have American' and the formation of Filipino-American identity through the lens of panethnicity. Then, I will provide a brief history of Filipino-Americans, highlighting aspects of their.
  2. g active in the world. It is th
  3. Filipino culture is unique compared to other Asian countries, and beliefs apply every day in the life of the Filipinos and reveal how rich and blessed the culture the people have. This trait is usually seen during fiestas and holidays where many Filipinos are giving their best to entertain their visitors well
  4. Reconstructing the Wilderness: Finding Identity, Culture and Values in Filipino Children's Literature Apple Audrey L. Noda (Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines) Abstract In children's literature, more specifically in the Philippine setting, the symbolism o
  5. The Philippines is a country with more than 7,000 islands, and the search for the Filipino value is extensive and large. The Filipino values refers to the set of values that a majority of the Filipino have historically held important in their lives. It is an integral part of every culture

Filipino Identity: The Haunting Question - Niels Mulder, 201

The Philippines is commonly referred to as a melting pot of western and eastern cultures. The traditional culture of the Philippines is heavily influenced by the traditions of the indigenous Austronesian people. The cultural landscape also features Spanish, American, Japanese, Arabic, and Indonesian influence National Identity. The eminent Filipino sociologist and journalist Prof. Randolf S. David stated that Filipinos do not consciously feel part of a nation. One significant cause of this is the mixed heritage that makes up the national psyche. According to UNICEF (Ch.8) Filipino values are a blend of trust in divine providence and self-reliance The colonial mentality, a perception of Filipino cultural inferiority, results in many Filipinos distancing themselves from their Filipino heritage. In Hawai'i, the colonial history of the Philippines is reinforced by the history of Hawai'i's plantation era and the creation of a local identity, which marginalizes the Filipino community and strengthens the colonial mentality individual or way an individual sees him- or her- self and projects that self into the world [8]. Cultural identity is the summation of one's nation values, morals, ideals, behavior, etc. as a nation which is shaped by its environment and history. Just like most countries, Philippines' cultural identity Filipino Philosophy as an identity. Filipino Philosophy is the soul (self or I ) of humans living in the Philippines having other-orientedness-centered-on-affinity-and-environment-self, and feelings towards realities and illusions in life and one's entity that is obviously evident in his endurance to be with his society, live the.

FILIPINO CULTURES AND TRADITIONS - The glimpse of the

  1. ation of oppositional discourses against these hegemonic notions of Filipino identity. It would seem therefore that Philippine culture could serve as calculus of the diversity of Filipinos and Filipino communities
  2. Constantino's piece, 'Identity and Consciousness: The Philippine Experience' is a powerful analysis of Philippine history. It gives us an insight on how our nation was built. It gives us a clear picture of how our culture was developed. Understanding history adds to our sense of pride of being a Filipino
  3. Another thing, one may also be surprised on either how rich the Filipino culture is or how different a pre-colonized Philippines from the colonized Philippines. In times like this we start to wonder about the true Filipino identity. Considering the past of our country, Philippines had undergo the process of othering
  4. The Filipino American identity is one that is as complex as the different cultures of the Philippine islands themselves. There are generational differences that prevents there to be a hegemonious definition to the questions what is Filipino American and who is Filipino American because of the different perspectives of generation
  5. Quest for the Elusive Self The Role of Contemporary Philippine Theatre in the Formation of Cultural Identity Catherine Diamond Ensconced in a spacious office among the dimly lit halls of the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) in Manila, Nicanor Tiongson, the artistic di-rector of the center, explained the dilemma of contemporary Filipino.
  6. g a person's identity. I believe that my family has a big of an impact on my current identity. But despite of that, I could not deny that the people that I encountered or the environment that I had been do influenced my perspective in different aspects
  7. It is an identity built on performative cultural practice more so than sexuality. Often considered a Filipino third of the queer community are moving towards a fluid sense of self..

[OPINION] Appreciating the Filipino identity through our

The sort of daily experiences is linked to the realities and phenomena that mostly define our society. And history essentially is one of the factors that helps us in understanding our responses to environmental changes of the present. Studying today's society, culture and identity is as important as studying its origin or roots Social Class - Culture and Identity. To explore social class in relation to culture and identity. • Compare social class to gender, sexuality, ethnicity, nationality, disability and age. • Assess to what extent social class is still relevent today. • Explain characteristics of different social classes in relation to culture and identity

Filipino Culture PEARL of the ORIENT SEAS This country is a collection of more than 7,000 islands where the East and West cultures amalgamate. This thus makes Filipino psyche the receptacle of a number and even contradictory influences and cultures, which make the Filipino a unique race in a single category Posted at 10:11h in Filipino Culture, Overseas Filipino Workers by Editorial Team According to some estimates, 10.2 million people from the Philippines or of Filipino descent are working abroad . Filipinos work in more than 100 different countries, one of the largest diaspora populations globally According to pop culture authority Roland B. Tolentino of the University of the Philippines, the song itself acts as a trigger for a culture predisposed to violence whenever social rules are broken. Simply put, violence will happen whenever there's a breach of karaoke etiquette (hogging the microphone, singing a song badly, laughing or jeering) Does culture shape our identity? Such an assumption is quite traumatic, for it reduces us to robots and denies us our being and self- awareness. Individuals possess a dynamic nature and are in constant interaction with their community. A person's understanding of their own cultural identity develops from birth and is shaped by the. Individualistic cultures are those that stress the needs of the individual over the needs of the group as a whole. In this type of culture, people are seen as independent and autonomous. Social behavior tends to be dictated by the attitudes and preferences of individuals. Cultures in North America and Western Europe tend to be individualistic

Lecture on history ,cultural identity the philippine cas

celebration of Filipino cultural identity and diversity, and the expansion of one's world vision. Grade 5 Through exploration, the learner demonstrates a deeper understanding of basic knowledge and skills in music and art, towards self-development, the celebration of Filipino cultural identity and diversity, and expansion of one's world vision 1. conducts a research on cultural and artistic practices of his/her community AD_DFI12-IIIa-c-1 2. creates a cultural map of his/her community AD_DFI12-IIId-e-2 constructs an identity of his/her community based on its culture and arts AD_DFI12-IIIf-3 4. d escribes a concept of self in relation to community and nation AD_DFI12-IIIg- Yes, we are more than covers but what covers us does say something and has value. When we have a healthy self image we use clothes to reveal our inherent value. However, when we have a negative self image we use clothes to conceal. The outer garments we wear should never define us, but sadly this is all too common

Understanding the Filipino Culture Diversify OS

In a culture-based education, culture is the foundation which provides both perspective and principle, framework and methodology, impetus and driver of discussion, assessment and evaluation upon which skills, abilities and knowledge regarding the self and the world-at-large are constituted, mediated, and disseminated This August, in partnership with the National Quincentennial Committee, and in recognition of the 2021 Year of Pre-Colonial Filipino Ancestors, we will highlight the unique cultural heritage of ASEAN, and explore the beauty of our region's cultures and societies that gave rise to the ASEAN of today Hispanic-Filipino identity and the need for its recovery, that cultural identity is the result of the accumulation of historical process and arises in the members of a society once a critical mass of sociohistorical experience has been reached

New digital series, FILGRIMAGE, captures the life-changingLumad - WikipediaThis image is a mind map of the areas that createRediscovering culture through Baybayin - The FlameFilipino Artist Commissions 83 Interpretations of the

The formulation of self-identity as a mere negation of the identity of an Other reduces the self to a dependent residue of the former's plenitude. Research into one's own culture(s) becomes a redundancy since knowledge of it could just as well be arrived at by a series of negations of the well understood cultures of the West They are both oriental and occidental. The Aeta, Indonesian, Malayan, Hindu, Arabian, and Chinese elements are the foundation of the Filipino's oriental nature—the core of their moral and social conscience and cultural identity (Carino, 2008) Challenging Filipino Colonial Mentality with Philippine Art 5 about pre-colonial cultures in the Philippines, she then applied it to her artwork. By creating her own Philippine art, Dela Cruz increased her self-esteem for her national identity. I observed similar efforts among other Filipinos and Filipino American colleagues i